Cannot resolve reference to bean 'cacheManager' while setting bean property 'cacheManager'异常解决方案

解决方案

分析原因

因为 <mvc:annotation-driven> 有同名的。

错误示范

 

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ehcache.xml配置: <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <ehcache xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="ehcache.xsd" updateCheck="false" monitoring="autodetect" dynamicConfig="true" name="shiroCache"> <diskStore path="java.io.tmpdir" /> <!-- <diskStore>==========当内存缓存中对象数量超过maxElementsInMemory时,将缓存对象写到磁盘缓存中(需对象实现序列化接口) * <diskStore path="">==用来配置磁盘缓存使用的物理路径,Ehcache磁盘缓存使用的文件后缀名是*.data和*.index * name=================缓存名称,cache的唯一标识(ehcache会把这个cache放到HashMap里) * maxElementsOnDisk====磁盘缓存中最多可以存放的元素数量,0表示无穷大 * maxElementsInMemory==内存缓存中最多可以存放的元素数量,若放入Cache中的元素超过这个数值,则有以下两种情况 * 1)若overflowToDisk=true,则会将Cache中多出的元素放入磁盘文件中 * 2)若overflowToDisk=false,则根据memoryStoreEvictionPolicy策略替换Cache中原有的元素 * eternal==============缓存中对象是否永久有效,即是否永驻内存,true时将忽略timeToIdleSeconds和timeToLiveSeconds * timeToIdleSeconds====缓存数据在失效前的允许闲置时间(单位:秒),仅当eternal=false时使用,默认值是0表示可闲置时间无穷大,此为可选属性 * 即访问这个cache中元素的最大间隔时间,若超过这个时间没有访问此Cache中的某个元素,那么此元素将被从Cache中清除 * timeToLiveSeconds====缓存数据在失效前的允许存活时间(单位:秒),仅当eternal=false时使用,默认值是0表示可存活时间无穷大 * 即Cache中的某元素从创建到清楚的生存时间,也就是说从创建开始计时,当超过这个时间时,此元素将从Cache中清除 * overflowToDisk=======内存不足时,是否启用磁盘缓存(即内存中对象数量达到maxElementsInMemory时,Ehcache会将对象写到磁盘中) * 会根据标签中path值查找对应的属性值,写入磁盘的文件会放在path文件夹下,文件的名称是cache的名称,后缀名是data * diskPersistent=======是否持久化磁盘缓存,当这个属性的值为true时,系统在初始化时会在磁盘中查找文件名为cache名称,后缀名为index的文件 * 这个文件中存放了已经持久化在磁盘中的cache的index,找到后会把cache加载到内存 * 要想把cache真正持久化到磁盘,写程序时注意执行net.sf.ehcache.Cache.put(Element element)后要调用flush()方法 * diskExpiryThreadIntervalSeconds==磁盘缓存的清理线程运行间隔,默认是120秒 * diskSpoolBufferSizeMB============设置DiskStore(磁盘缓存)的缓存区大小,默认是30MB * memoryStoreEvictionPolicy========内存存储与释放策略,即达到maxElementsInMemory限制时,Ehcache会根据指定策略清理内存 * 共有三种策略,分别为LRU(最近最少使用)、LFU(最常用的)、FIFO(先进先出) --> <!-- 注意,以下缓存是永久有效,是系统初始化数据到缓存中,如果不需要永久有效,请另写,或在 --> <!-- <defaultCache maxElementsInMemory="10000" eternal="false" timeToIdleSeconds="120" timeToLiveSeconds="120" overflowToDisk="true" maxElementsOnDisk="10000000" diskPersistent="false" diskExpiryThreadIntervalSeconds="120" memoryStoreEvictionPolicy="LRU" /> --> <defaultCache eternal="false" maxElementsInMemory="10000" overflowToDisk="false" diskPersistent="false" timeToIdleSeconds="0" timeToLiveSeconds="600" memoryStoreEvictionPolicy="LRU" /> <cache name="baseCache" eternal="false" maxElementsInMemory="1000" overflowToDisk="false" diskPersistent="false" timeToIdleSeconds="0" timeToLiveSeconds="300" memoryStoreEvictionPolicy="LRU" /> <!-- 登录记录缓存 锁定10分钟 --> <cache name="passwordRetryCache" maxEntriesLocalHeap="2000" eternal="false" timeToIdleSeconds="600" timeToLiveSeconds="0" overflowToDisk="false" statistics="true"> </cache> <cache name="authorizationCache" maxEntriesLocalHeap="2000" eternal="false" timeToIdleSeconds="1800" timeToLiveSeconds="0" overflowToDisk="false" statistics="true"> </cache> <cache name="authenticationCache" maxEntriesLocalHeap="2000" eternal="false" timeToIdleSeconds="1800" timeToLiveSeconds="0" overflowToDisk="false" statistics="true"> </cache> <cache name="shiro-activeSessionCache" maxEntriesLocalHeap="2000" eternal="false" timeToIdleSeconds="1800" timeToLiveSeconds="0" overflowToDisk="false" statistics="true"> </cache> </ehcache> spring-shiro.xml 配置 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:util="http://www.springframework.org/schema/util" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.0.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/util http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util.xsd" default-lazy-init="true" default-autowire="byName"> <description>Shiro Configuration</description> <!-- SHIRO CONFIG START --> <!-- 定义密码加密算法及迭代次数 --> <bean id="passwordHelper" class="com.leadbank.bcms.utils.PasswordHelper"> <property name="algorithmName" value="md5" /> <property name="hashIterations" value="2" /> 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name="credentialsMatcher" ref="credentialsMatcher" /> <property name="cachingEnabled" value="true" /> <property name="authenticationCachingEnabled" value="true" /> <property name="authenticationCacheName" value="authenticationCache" /> <property name="authorizationCachingEnabled" value="true" /> <property name="authorizationCacheName" value="authorizationCache" /> </bean> <bean id="securityManager" class="org.apache.shiro.web.mgt.DefaultWebSecurityManager"> <property name="realms"> <list><ref bean="myShiroRealm"/></list> </property> <property name="sessionManager" ref="sessionManager"/> <property name="cacheManager" ref="cacheManager"/> <property name="rememberMeManager" ref="rememberMeManager"/> </bean> <bean id="shiroFilter" class="org.apache.shiro.spring.web.ShiroFilterFactoryBean"> <property name="securityManager" ref="securityManager" /> <property name="loginUrl" value="/login/loginIndex" /> <property name="successUrl" value="/backstage/index" /> <property name="unauthorizedUrl" 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org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'shiroFilter' defined in URL [file:/E:/apache-tomcat-7.0.68/wtpwebapps/leadbank-bcms-manage/WEB-INF/classes/spring/spring-shiro.xml]: Cannot resolve reference to bean 'securityManager' while setting bean property 'securityManager'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'securityManager' defined in URL [file:/E:/apache-tomcat-7.0.68/wtpwebapps/leadbank-bcms-manage/WEB-INF/classes/spring/spring-shiro.xml]: Cannot resolve reference to bean 'myShiroRealm' while setting bean property 'realms' with key [0]; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'myShiroRealm' defined in URL [file:/E:/apache-tomcat-7.0.68/wtpwebapps/leadbank-bcms-manage/WEB-INF/classes/spring/spring-shiro.xml]: Cannot resolve reference to bean 'credentialsMatcher' while setting bean property 'credentialsMatcher'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.UnsatisfiedDependencyException: Error creating bean with name 'credentialsMatcher' defined in URL [file:/E:/apache-tomcat-7.0.68/wtpwebapps/leadbank-bcms-manage/WEB-INF/classes/spring/spring-shiro.xml]: Unsatisfied dependency expressed through constructor argument with index 0 of type [org.apache.shiro.cache.Cache]: Could not convert constructor argument value of type [org.apache.shiro.cache.ehcache.EhCacheManager] to required type [org.apache.shiro.cache.Cache]: Failed to convert value of type 'org.apache.shiro.cache.ehcache.EhCacheManager' to required type 'org.apache.shiro.cache.Cache'; nested exception is java.lang.IllegalStateException: Cannot convert value of type [org.apache.shiro.cache.ehcache.EhCacheManager] to required type [org.apache.shiro.cache.Cache]: no matching editors or conversion strategy found
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